The Overhill Years
The area that is now Monroe County, Tennessee, was once the home of the Overhill Cherokee Nation. Famous Cherokees such as Sequoyah and Nancy Ward were born and once roamed these rivers and mountains.
The Unicoi Turnpike
The Unicoi Turnpike Trail, which runs between Vonore, Tennessee and Murphy, North Carolina, follows an ancient trade path that once connected the Overhill Cherokee Towns along the Tennessee and Tellico rivers to the coastal ports in Georgia and South Carolina, and eventually brought white traders into the Overhill Territory.
During the French and Indian War, the British Colony of South Carolina established Fort Loudon in what is now Monroe County, Tennessee. During its four year existence, the Overhill Cherokee allied with the British in their war against France. Traders and other settlers established homes around the Fort. However, in 1760 the relationship between the Overhill Cherokee and the British broke down, and in August of 1760, the Overhill Cherokee captured Fort Loudon and its garrison.